Air Purifier’s Role In Preventing Asthma Attacks

By , April 30, 2012 11:05 am

411

Environmental researchers have proved that the room air we breathe in is more contaminated than the air outside. In fact the air we breathe during our sleep, relaxation at home or office is more polluted and it is this polluted air that makes us fall sick easily.

The ultimate way to solve this problem is getting an air purifier. Air purifiers are helpful to people suffering from asthma and allergies due to pollen grains, mold spores, pet dander, microorganism and bacteria….

air purifier,oreck air purifier,ionic air purifier,purifier air,hepa air purifier

Environmental researchers have proved that the room air we breathe in is more contaminated than the air outside. In fact the air we breathe during our sleep, relaxation at home or office is more polluted and it is this polluted air that makes us fall sick easily.

The ultimate way to solve this problem is getting an air purifier. Air purifiers are helpful to people suffering from asthma and allergies due to pollen grains, mold spores, pet dander, microorganism and bacteria.

Ultra violet air purifier destroys chemical and biological contaminants like viruses, mold, allergens, cigarette smoke, bacteria, diesel fumes, pet odors, construction dust and many other airborne contaminants.

Asthma is a condition characterized by breathing difficulties caused by narrowing of the airways (bronchioles and bronchi) leading to the lungs.

Persons Affected:
It occurs in 3 to 5 percent of all people at some time in life. It affects all age groups except newborn babies and affects both the sexes equally.

Symptoms:
The main symptoms are breathlessness, wheezing cough usually getting worse at night. In a severe attack, the breathing rate increases sharply and pulse rises. The person is not in a position to speak due to breathlessness. The skin may turn blue due to lack of oxygen, known as cyanosis.

Causes:
The usual cause is bronchiole hypersensitivity to foreign substances in the air. The foreign substance could be pollens, air borne pollutants like vehicle emissions, animal fur, smoke, smog, cigarette smoke, ozone, perfumes, hairspray etc,. There is a worldwide increase in the number of asthma patients due to increase in the smoke levels in the cities.

Treatment & Role of Air Purifiers:
The day to day treatment involves management to avoid the trigger which triggers the asthma attack. A person spends most of his time indoors and presence of purified clean air can help a lot in preventing triggering of asthmatic reaction. A purifier works by removing environmental triggers like airborne allergens contaminants, smoke and smog.

A person cannot avoid exposure to polluted air but he can certainly control the environment in his dwelling or work place. Further an air purifier provides relief to the lungs of an asthmatic person by providing clean air so that he can breathe easily.

An air purifier works by cleaning the air indoors and prevent triggers like smoke, smog, pollen, exhaust fumes etc reaching inside the room.

Care should be taken to avoid air cleaners which produce ozone, which rather than reducing asthma may trigger an asthma attack.

    'No new videos.'

Basil ?More Than A Kitchen Plant

By , April 27, 2012 11:08 am

368

A universally known fact is that aromatherapy uses essential oils extracted from plants. One of the most commonly used essential oil in aromatherapy is that of Basil. Basil got its name from the Greek word “basileum?meaning “king? Considered as “king among plants” as it was one of the ingredients on the list of oils blended to massage kings.

Basil is an important herb as its uses are two-fold, for cooking as well as to cure a variety of ailments. The herb covers and offe…

Aromatherapy Essential Oil, Aromatherapy Oil, Basil

A universally known fact is that aromatherapy uses essential oils extracted from plants. One of the most commonly used essential oil in aromatherapy is that of Basil. Basil got its name from the Greek word “basileum?meaning “king? Considered as “king among plants” as it was one of the ingredients on the list of oils blended to massage kings.

Basil is an important herb as its uses are two-fold, for cooking as well as to cure a variety of ailments. The herb covers and offers a plethora of medical benefits. If added early while cooking, it loses its flavor; hence it should be used as soon as it is plucked from the plant. It ought be added towards the end of cooking. It exudes a warm, gentle unique flavor and fragrance in cooking.

The leaves of basil are steam-distilled to create oil. Medically, it provides relief to sore gums, ulcers, chest infections and digestive problems. It has been used as a brain stimulant and an antispasmodic, making it wonderful in the treatment of bronchitis and whooping cough.

Basil is said to have uplifting and refreshing properties. 2-3 drops of basil oil is known to relieve mental fatigue, tension, stress, mild anxiety, loss of appetite, flatulence, nausea, sinusitis, cold, fever, earaches, eases rheumatic, arthritic and muscular pains.

A potpourri of dried basil leaves and flowers creates a fragrant atmosphere wherever kept. It is also used as an insect repellent, as burned sprigs of basil drive away mosquitoes. If you keep a potted plant of basil on the windowsill, it will deter flies from entering your home.

Basil oil, when mixed with massage oil and gently rubbed over the stomach, helps to ease many types of digestive problems. Basil should be used sparingly on skin as it could cause irritation. If you want to add a few drops to your bath, dilute it with a carrier oil, or mix it with a skin cream or lotion.

It should NOT be used during pregnancy. Basil helps with depression, increases alertness, aids in concentration, relieves headaches, head congestion and migraines. Basil regulates the menstrual cycle and reduces menstrual cramps. The herb blends well with rosemary, lavender, bergamot, clary sage, geranium and citrus oils.

    'No new videos.'

5 Safe & Effective Home Remedies

By , April 24, 2012 11:11 am

538

While some ailments require specific medications, others may be treated with simple home remedies that have withstood the test of time. Generations ago, people began using home remedies and have passed their knowledge on to their families as time progressed. Still, many are unaware of the large number of home remedies that can provide instant, safe and effective relief. Best of all, home remedies do not cause side effects as other conventional medications often do.

Anyone …

how to start your own business, home business, article marketing, home party business,

While some ailments require specific medications, others may be treated with simple home remedies that have withstood the test of time. Generations ago, people began using home remedies and have passed their knowledge on to their families as time progressed. Still, many are unaware of the large number of home remedies that can provide instant, safe and effective relief. Best of all, home remedies do not cause side effects as other conventional medications often do.

Anyone who suffers from allergies or a cold may find themselves increasingly congested throughout the night. In order to relieve breathing and open the airway passages, an individual may find success in running hot water in the sink and slowly inhaling the steam from the running water. This will help to relieve blocked nasal passages and may help the sufferer to breathe easier at any time of day, including at night.

Snoring is a big problem, but few know how to treat it. In addition to a number of anti-snoring devices, medications and even surgery for extreme cases, there are also a number of home remedies that may help to eliminate this nighttime nuisance. Anyone who snores may find that sleeping on their side, instead of their back, may help to eliminate the problem. Adding an extra pillow may also help to curb snoring due to the fact that the head is raised slightly higher and may help to prevent air passages from becoming restricted, which is a leading cause of snoring. In the event that snoring worsens or does not seem to respond to home remedies, it is possible that the individual has developed sleep apnea. This is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

With warmer months just ahead, the bees will be buzzing and this means the potential for bee stings. To lessen the itching of a bee sting, a combination of baking soda and water can be combined to create a paste that will ease some of the discomfort. Many individuals find this to be just another part of summer but to others, it can be life threatening. For people who are allergic to bee stings, medical help are not always close enough. Therefore, over the counter Benadryl is often recommended as a temporary aid to keeping the allergy under control until the bee sting sufferer can get to a doctor or hospital for further treatment. Individuals who are allergic may find that carrying Benadryl with them is a good idea.

Everyone is scared of the dentist, but it’s a part of life that everyone must face. Whether a recent tooth loss, cleaning or other procedure that may cause bleeding, rinsing with warm salt water on two to three occasions daily will help lessen the chance of infection and will ease soreness.

Anyone who paints their fingernails is probably familiar with the smell of nail polish remover. Well, for anyone who finds the smell unbearable or simply feels lightheaded in its presence, there is a much simpler way to remove nail polish. Simply applying clear nail polish to each nail and allow it to sit for 3-5 seconds before wiping it away with a napkin or paper towel. This will help to remove any trace of nail polish.

    'No new videos.'

Can Detox Tea Relieve Stress?

By , April 21, 2012 11:13 am

380

What effects do today’s toxic pollutants and impurities have on the body? It becomes sluggish, fatigued, over stressed and defenseless against today’s disease. Environmental toxins hidden in our air, food and water are also hiding in us.

Is your body sending out warning signals? Taking health care into your own hands can be as complex as the intricacy of your own system. Your body sends out warning signals to tell you when it is weakened, over stressed, tired and sluggish….

detox,detox tea,herbal detox,detoxification,colon,skin,health,cleansing,laxative,colon detox,herbal

What effects do today’s toxic pollutants and impurities have on the body? It becomes sluggish, fatigued, over stressed and defenseless against today’s disease. Environmental toxins hidden in our air, food and water are also hiding in us.

Is your body sending out warning signals? Taking health care into your own hands can be as complex as the intricacy of your own system. Your body sends out warning signals to tell you when it is weakened, over stressed, tired and sluggish. These warnings should not be taken lightly, your body is slowing down and needs help. Your body needs to work at its fullest potential without unneeded stress.

In today’s stress-oriented, industrialized world, the environment takes a heavy toll on our bodies. Pollutants in the air, in our food and in our water build up in our tissues. Sometimes we need to give our bodies a chance to clean out, to detoxify. In Ayurvedic tradition, this is done by using diet, exercise and herbs to rebalance the body’s generative and eliminative forces. The blend of detox herbs used in the formula is mild but effective and based on Ayurvedic principles. Herbal ingredients included are Ginger, Dandelion and Burdock which are known for their cleansing effect on the body. Drinking Detox Tea can be an important part of re-balancing and renewing body and mind.

The body does most of its detoxifying at night while the body is at rest so by taking Detox Tea in the morning, the body can continue its cleansing process throughout the day for a more consistent and complete cleanse.

Some signs of an overtaxed Liver are PMS, headaches, indigestion, hayfever, acne, bloat, Hepatitis, boils, carbuncles, fertility concerns,digestive disturbances, immune deficiency, chronic debilitating diseases, nervous system conditions, gall bladder concerns, kidney concerns, menstruation concerns, endometriosis, poor fat and protein digestion, fatigue or chronic fatigue syndrome. Obstruction of liver energy can cause intense feelings of frustration, rage, anger, and these emotions in turn further disrupt liver energy and suppress liver function, in a vicious self destructive cycle.

Most ingredients in Detox teas are 100% herbal and these Detox Teas and Capsules have been known for their cleansing and detoxifying qualities. We urge you to gather more information on Detox Teas and find out how detox tea can benefit you!

    'No new videos.'

What are the symptoms of Nail Fungus?

By , April 20, 2012 10:53 pm

The symptoms of a nail fungus can range from discoloration to separation from the nail bed. Usually the first sign of a nail fungus is the tiny white dot that will appear at the tip of your nail and it just gets worst from there if not treated quickly. Other signs of a nail fungus can be badly brittle nails, shape distortion; dark colored nails and if there is the presence of foul odor.

Fungi are organisms that grow rapidly in dark, warm places and usually your toe nails will see nail infection before your fingernails. Why is that? 90% of the times your toes are covered with socks are shoes that cover the entire foot so it does not breathe as much as the fingernails do or shall we say get as much open air as the fingernails. This has fungus written all over it if you don’t protect your nails from the beginning to end of the day. For example when you buy running shoes/tennis shoes – buy those that breathe and gives your feet the air needed to keep out germs and room for things like this to happen. Keep your feet clean and away from sweat and heat for long periods of time.

The old saying that one should really take care of your body when young cause it will tell on you when you age is an understatement. This statement holds true for so many aspects of our lives and nail fungus is not exempt. Here is why: you should drink lots of water to keep toxins out, you should not walk around barefoot which ages your feet and make them more prone to infection and open slits which is how fungi can enter the body. Other things that can increase your chances of nail fungus would be if you are a diabetic with circulation problems which weakens the immune system or if you tend to work where you are constantly sweating or under humid conditions.

Treatment for nail fungus can be given by a doctor by way of oral antifungal medication or you can buy over the counter creams that will help. Keeping the infected area clean and dry is a must or you will see it return repeatedly. Some home remedies that have been known to work are vinegar and vapor rub. These have not been clinically test for nail fungus but by word of mouth it has seemed to work.

    'No new videos.'

Absorbent And Comfortable Incontinence Products Reviewed

By , April 18, 2012 11:09 am

506

There are different kinds of incontinence products that can be found on the market. There are those that are re-usable and washable, while some are disposable. The products can be bed pads, incontinence chair pads, bedding items, and bedding protectors. There are also waterproof support pillows, waterproof pillowcases, duvets and mattress protectors.

These incontinence products are offered in different price ranges and made from various absorbent materials and give variou…

There are different kinds of incontinence products that can be found on the market. There are those that are re-usable and washable, while some are disposable. The products can be bed pads, incontinence chair pads, bedding items, and bedding protectors. There are also waterproof support pillows, waterproof pillowcases, duvets and mattress protectors.

These incontinence products are offered in different price ranges and made from various absorbent materials and give various benefits to the end customers. Pads are made to high standards in different sizes to fit beds and chairs. Every pad is separately measured, sewn, cut and packed for your convenience. You can find made to order products that are available for those clients who have specific needs. Some are made with anti-bacterial fibers and materials to manage and control any odor-causing bacteria that may persist.

This hygienic performance can further protect and secure the users. This greater protection will give customers the satisfaction they need. On the other hand, there are those which may not contain anti-bacterial properties but offer better comfort and softness. These incontinence pads offer dryness and soothing relief all night. One may be able to experience the most satisfying sleep without inconvenience of frequent and tiring pad changes in the middle of your sleep. Some companies who manufacture these incontinence products make bed pads specifically for your bed’s size or your bed’s dimension. However, they make bed pads that will fit all the standard bed sizes from single to king size beds.

To maintain their quality, they recommend using commercial drying and washing facilities especially for those products in extremely large sizes. They also come in various styles. Some pads are embedded with integral fluid proof backing that is fully washable and that is flame retardant. Moreover, some products may have non-slip features to prevent common displacements that occur frequently. Moreover, there are pads with fluid proof backing and wings, offering the extra advantage of additional security. In addition, the pad has an essential non-slip fluid proof backing and is also secured in the chosen position by tucking the wings beneath the mattress.

As a result, this minimizes any potential displacement due to restlessness. Some bed products and other bedding protectors have been intended to give water and other fluid safeguards to mattresses, pillows, and blankets. Furthermore, the products are produced from a stylish fluid proof and breathable vapor porous fabric, which helps in minimizing sweating and distress due to overheating. These waterproof mattress protectors are designed to protect mattresses from fluids but without sacrificing beneficial airflow that is essential to a good night’s sleep.

These waterproof mattress protectors are generally called incontinence drawsheets or waterproof drawsheets. Some of these protectors have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that can add to improved overall hygiene and a decrease in unwanted odors. Lastly, the fabric used in these products is light and comfy to the end users and it is well-built, tear resistant and very durable. The products are trouble-free through a simple “wipe and dry?cleaning or can be machine-washed.

    'No new videos.'

All About Oxygen Based Colon Cleansers

By , April 15, 2012 11:15 am

345

A number of companies that are in the business of producing oxygen based colon cleansers are not able to develop suitable oxygen based colon cleansers. Blame it on the failure of not following the scientific method of attaching and stabilizing oxygen with utmost ease. Instead, what these companies are doing is a mixing up of magnesium oxides with magnesium peroxides and labeling their products as oxygen releasing compounds.

Stabilizing Oxygen

The main function of stabil…

colon cleanse,colonic cleanse,colon cleansing,body detox,oxygen colon cleansers

A number of companies that are in the business of producing oxygen based colon cleansers are not able to develop suitable oxygen based colon cleansers. Blame it on the failure of not following the scientific method of attaching and stabilizing oxygen with utmost ease. Instead, what these companies are doing is a mixing up of magnesium oxides with magnesium peroxides and labeling their products as oxygen releasing compounds.

Stabilizing Oxygen

The main function of stabilizing oxygen is to generate oxygen following a timed-release process. There is a big misconception in the medical world that the gut is the one, which consists of anaerobic organisms. However, gut disease arises because of the misuse of antibiotics.

It is advisable to take an oxygen-based cleanser every day before going to bed as it creates a stable bowel environment. In addition, oxygen will also play a prominent part in oxidizing and cleaning the entire bowel, leading to relieving constipation and compaction.

When Looking at Oxygen Cleansers

When looking at oxygen cleansers, please check that whether any is oxygen being released or not. How one can determine that? It is quite simple; this can be done through a titration test. Titration will clearly indicate whether oxygen is being released or not, as well as the duration of the release. There are very few products, which release oxygen for over 16 hours. In fact, there are just two products that have this quality.

There are few products that actually release oxygen therefore one should be careful while buying an oxygen releasing cleanser. A good quality oxygen-based cleanser should contain GE-132 that is a special mixture of aerobic proboscis and enzymes.

Always make sure that you stay away from the so-called oxygen cleansers, which contains some part of ascorbic acid. This is because of the fact that ascorbic acid is a strong antioxidant, and can result in neutralizing benefits of oxygen release.

A clean and healthy colon leads to a feeling of wellness therefore do your research before starting your cleansing regime. There are related products available online and also in drug stores.

    'No new videos.'

Chamomile Oil: Which Chamomile Is Which?

By , April 12, 2012 11:08 am

855

Chamomile is known worldwide to be a calming sleep aid, a remedy to ease an upset stomach, and for its wonderful anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmolytic properties. There are, however, many types of chamomile: Roman chamomile, Anthemis nobilis; German chamomile, Matricaria recutita; true Moroccan chamomile, Tanacetum annuum. Beyond these three basic types, German chamomile can also be called Hungarian or blue chamomile, while another species of chamomile called Moroccan is act…

oil,aromatherapy,healing,treatment,herbal,essential oil,massage

Chamomile is known worldwide to be a calming sleep aid, a remedy to ease an upset stomach, and for its wonderful anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmolytic properties. There are, however, many types of chamomile: Roman chamomile, Anthemis nobilis; German chamomile, Matricaria recutita; true Moroccan chamomile, Tanacetum annuum. Beyond these three basic types, German chamomile can also be called Hungarian or blue chamomile, while another species of chamomile called Moroccan is actually a different variety (Ormensis multicaulis) that is grown in Morocco. Ormensis multicaulis does not have the ink-blue color of the true Moroccan chamomile that is Tanacetum annuum, also called blue tansy. Each chamomile is a different variety, however they all have similar constituents as well as some likenesses in appearance.

Roman chamomile is mainly grown in England, and there are some areas in continental Europe and the United States that also distill the oil. In 1785, Carlo Allioni, an Italian botanist, placed what we know as Roman chamomile in the genus Chamaemelum, naming Anthemis nobilis as Chamaemelum nobile, thus furthering the confusion about chamomiles.

German chamomile is what most botanists and herbalists refer to as chamomile. German chamomile grows wild mostly in Germany, however what is known as blue or German chamomile has for the past 10 years or so been mainly distilled in Hungary, yet it retains the name German chamomile.

Moroccan chamomile is a member of the Tansy botanical family and is like German chamomile due to the fact that they both produce a deep, ink-blue color when in the form of an essential oil. Out of the two varieties, Moroccan chamomile has the highest levels of chamazulene; however there are some chamomiles that have the name Moroccan Chamomile that are not blue in color. They are appelled Moroccan chamomile because they are a variety of chamomile that is grown in Morocco. True Tanacetum annuum is blue and contains the highest levels of chamazulene; however, there is some concern with Tanacetum annum, also called blue tansy oil. Tansy oil has been purported to have some toxicity and should not be used directly on the skin. On the other hand, there are aromatherapists who rave about the wonderful effects of Tanacetum annuum. Research on Tanacetum annuum’s constituents and general actions is incomplete and there is not enough clinical data recorded to make any conclusions about safety or effectiveness.

Chamazulene is the constituent in both German and Moroccan chamomiles that makes them blue and gives them strong anti-inflammatory qualities. Chamazulene does not show up as a constituent of German Chamomile until the distillation process because chamazulene is bound with glycoside Matricine, which is a sugar molecule that becomes hydrolysed due to the pressure and heat of the steam distillation process of extracting the essential oil. The volatile azulenes become unbound and alpha-bisabolol and chamazulene are then freed and show as newly present constituents of chamomile oil.

German and Moroccan Chamomile are recognized for their anti-inflammatory properties and have been know to help cure and treat allergies, dermatitis, eczema, inflamed joints, muscles, neuralgia, skin rashes and sprains. German Chamomile is what is typically chosen to make chamomile tea and is an excellent natural anti-histamine for reactions such as hay fever, asthma and hives. Caveat emptor-if German chamomile is brown in color, it was over-heated during distillation and has lost the chamazulene-rich, blue color, diminishing its healing and anti-inflammatory properties.

Roman chamomile also possesses anti-inflammatory properties; however, it is better known for its analgesic and sedative properties. Roman chamomile is very mild and has shown to be safe when using it for children, especially children with nervous sleep patterns or insomnia. Other than the sedative properties in Roman chamomile, it is highly anti-spasmolytic. For example, Roman chamomile can stabilize severe asthma attacks until emergency treatment is available. Roman chamomile is also known for being useful in the treatment of anxiety, arthritis, anxious temperaments, muscular aches and pains, rheumatism, PMS and other menstrual conditions, stress, sleeplessness, and nervous tension.

With all of the differences of the chamomiles, they also share similarities. For example, some of the chamomiles are more effective for insomnia than other chamomiles, but they can all be used to treat insomnia. While Roman chamomile would be preferred for treatment of insomnia, all chamomiles have some effectiveness in the treatment of acne, allergies, baldness and hair care, boils, abscesses, blisters, cuts/sores, dermatitis, dry & sensitive skin, eczema, insect bites, irritated & inflamed skin, rashes, toothaches, teething pain, wounds, arthritis, rheumatism, sprains, strains, colic, flatulence, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, cystitis, dysmenorrheal, premenstrual tension/PMT, headache, insomnia, nervous tension, stress-related conditions, neuralgia, and sciatica.

To explore the benefits of Roman or German chamomile, or for more specific information on which chamomile is preferred for specific ailments, refer to our online therapeutic references or product profiles. Roman and German chamomile are gentle, non-sensitizing, non-irritant, and non-phototoxic essential oils. Each chemo-type has its benefits and applications. Chamomile has a sweet, herbaceous, sometimes fruity, scent. It is delicate, neutral and can be used in a diffuser, by placing a couple drops on a pillow, in the bath, or mixed into a non-scented massage oil or lotion to add a light, clean, and therapeutically-benefiting scent.

    'No new videos.'

Fighting Diseases with Antibodies

By , April 11, 2012 6:25 am

Antibodies play a big role when it comes to fight pestilent invaders that threaten our health. An antibody is a protein that is produced by our immune system in order to identify and neutralize foreign substances, so-called antigens. There are millions of different antibodies and they often vary only slightly but this variation is necessary to bind different types of antigens. Thanks to the so-called memory cells our body is able to recognize antigens even years after their first apparition. In case the invader reappears these cells can respond faster by creating the same type of antibody that helped us fight the virus the first time. This is exactly how vaccines work: a weakened form of the invading substance is injected to the body in order to stimulate the production of antibodies. Researchers are thus always looking for the right type of antibody to fight a certain disease. Antigens or antibodies can be detected and measured with ELISA kits.

Antibodies and Autoimmune Disorders

Autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis or type I diabetes are based on the problem that the body can not differentiate between harmful substances and healthy body tissue. It therefore destroys these body tissues and organs: skin, muscles, joints etc. can be affected by this kind of disease. The reasons for autoimmune disorders are mostly unknown, researchers still try to figure out what causes them.
Autoantibody tests can help diagnose an autoimmune disease. The treatment depends on the type of disorder, but unfortunately many of them are fatal. Allergies can also be classified as autoimmune disorders since they let the body respond in a negative way to a normally harmless substance. Many allergies are treated with so-called immunotherapy: over a long period of time the allergen is injected in gradually larger doses in order to stop the body’s hypersensitivity to the allergen.

    'No new videos.'

Amino information

By , April 9, 2012 11:11 am

392

Chemistry will tell you that an amino acid is any molecule that has both carboxylic acid and amino functional groups. They are the basic building units of a protein. In biochemistry, the shorter and more general term is used to refer to alpha amino acids. Those are amino acids wherein the amino and carboxylate functionalities are attached to a common carbon. Amino acids’ residue is what’s left of an amino acid once a water molecule has been lost in the formation of a peptide bond.

amino, amino acid, essential amino acid, amino acid supplement, amino max, amino vital, amino acid structure, 20 amino acid, amino sculpt, branched chain amino acid, amino fuel

Chemistry will tell you that an amino acid is any molecule that has both carboxylic acid and amino functional groups. They are the basic building units of a protein. In biochemistry, the shorter and more general term is used to refer to alpha amino acids. Those are amino acids wherein the amino and carboxylate functionalities are attached to a common carbon. Amino acids’ residue is what’s left of an amino acid once a water molecule has been lost in the formation of a peptide bond. Peptides are polymer chains which form the protien in our bodies.

Twenty amino acids will be encoded by the standard genetic code. These are called proteinogenic or standard Amino acids. More complicated ones are produced by our bodies, and are called nonstandard (these are not as common). Proline is the only proteinogenic amino acid, whose side group links to the a-amino group and is cyclic. This forms a secondary amino group. Before, proline was called “imino”, which was misleading and was changed. Protiens contain other amino acids which are usually formed by post-translational modification (modifications AFTER translation). These modifications are essential for the function of protein. At least two amino acids, other than the standard 20, are sometimes incorporated into proteins during the translation process.

Even though only 20 amino acids are genetically encoded, over one hundred have been found in nature. Some of these have been seen in meteorites, especially in a type called carbonaceous chondrites. Microorganisms and plants can often produce somewhat uncommon amino acids, which are located in peptidic antibiotics. Lanthionine is a sulfide-bridged alanine dimer found along with unsaturated amino acids in “lantibiotics”, which are antibiotic peptides of microbial origin.

As well as protein synthesis, amino acids have some other biologically important jobs. Glycine, and glutamate, are used as neurotransmitters as well as standard amino acids in proteins. Many amino acids take on the role of synthesizing other molecules, such as tryptophan, which is a precursor of the neurotransmitter serotonin, and glycine, one of the few reactants in the synthesis of porphyrins such as heme. Heme is in “hemoglobin”, which is also important in the makeup of protein. Numerous, non-standard amino acids, are biologically important: “GABA”,another neurotransmitter, carnitine, which is used in lipid transport within the cell, citrulline, ornithine, hydroxyproline, hydroxylysine, homocysteine, and sarcosine.

    'No new videos.'

Panorama Theme by Themocracy